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Fraudulent Sick Leave

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Fraudulent Sick Leave Investigations

What can you do as an employer when you believe that an employee is taking fraudulent sick leave?

  • The good news is that you aren’t powerless against fraudulent sick leave.
  • The great news is that you can challenge someone’s fraudulent sick leave.
  • The best news is that X Three Surveillance Ltd. can take your case and resolve it efficiently.

The step of hiring a private investigator to carry out a surveillance operation to prove or disprove your theory that an employee is enjoying fraudulent sick leave at your convenience may seem intimidating but fraudulent sick leave costs your business in several ways.

  • The team morale suffers.
  • Productivity dips.
  • The atmosphere grows tense.
  • Gossip can run rife.
  • Accusations are made.
  • Profit is affected.


  • The employee receives sick pay.
  • They also enjoy time off.
  • The channels to challenge an official sick note aren’t helpful.
  • Their plan to exploit your firm works…for a while.

X Three Surveillance can provide cost effective services and visual evidence with reports for disciplinary and dismissal procedures.

Please ensure that any surveillance and investigational work is carried out by a top rated, industry accredited, professional and experienced fraudulent sick leave case operative. Using a “cheap and cheerful” service may seem tempting but if the evidence they source is not suitable for disciplinary action or they are reckless in their work the power may return to the employee who could sue for unfair dismissal if the right sort of evidence isn’t presented.

Always place your trust in absolute professionals like X Three’s private investigators or it can have serious ramifications.

To initiate a fraudulent sick leave investigation the employer should:

  • Take legal advice for their protection.
  • Have a fair reason for taking action. A suspicion or use of a rumour is rarely sufficient in law.
  • Remember that an investigation will be proportional to the issue. This means that it will be tailored towards the work based goal and not purposefully encroach on an individual’s privacy.
  • Have confidence that surveillance is an excellent and effective tool when other means cannot be used or they have been exhausted. For fraudulent sick leave cases we recommend that prior to professional investigations it’s helpful for a firm to follow the Human Resources process and to pay a visit to the possible fraudulent sick leave claimant.
  • Allow that surveillance will be in public places. This will not affect an employee’s right to privacy under the Human Rights Act 1998. Expert surveillance operatives abide by the rules.
  • Evidence gathered should be reviewed by a medical professional or expert source. X Three’s team can provide visual images in still and moving format but this evidence will need assessment and comment from them. A private investigator cannot make the case for or against the potential fraudulent sick leave claimant under their own initiative.

For discreet, timely, professional and accurate fraudulent sick leave investigations you can trust X Three Surveillance, the area’s number one.

Work Place Theft…..! Undercover Employee

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Workplace theft in Manchester

Workplace theft in Manchester, or anywhere, can be a contentious issue.
No one likes to be accused, effrontery is a common effect and staff interviews can become like the proverbial “Spanish inquisition.” Morale takes a steep dive and accusations fly, people may appear circumstantially guilty but aren’t, suddenly the innocent claim that “I can’t wait until pay day” takes on sinister undertones.

Workplace theft in Manchester examples:

• Maybe a till is repeatedly light.
• Perhaps personal property disappears.
• The petty cash tin is emptied.
• A purse goes missing.
• Stock is unaccountably dwindling.
• Office resources are “walking.”
• Intangible theft. This is of intellectual property e.g. an idea not an object.

Workplace theft in Manchester is not a situation that can be allowed to fester or build in resentment or gravity. The answer lies with X Three Surveillance Ltd. We are the number one rated firm in the Greater Manchester area with an outstanding reputation for case planning and execution. We also understand that discretion, competence and experience are vital tools in sensitive theft investigations. We’re local experts and we want to help clients.

The sooner that an answer can be given to the question on everyone’s lips, namely “who stole it?” the better the work environment and productivity can be.
A workforce that is under investigation for theft is hardly going to be thrilled to be at work and enthusiastically throwing themselves in to their tasks. The atmosphere shouldn’t be allowed to become toxic.

X Three can investigate workplace theft in Manchester through various routes which we would discuss and evaluate with the client. It is perfectly law abiding to secretly investigate workplace theft in Manchester using private detectives. We adhere to legislation.
Investigations, undercover investigations, surveillance and lie detector tests are some of the eminently suitable and technology assisted avenues to finding out who is responsible for your incident(s) of workplace theft in Manchester.

Our task is primarily to find out the who and why about the workplace theft in Manchester.
We can double check records, spreadsheets and documentation to see if there is a common trend which suggests a particular worker.
We’ll work with you to establish if workplace theft in Manchester is actually a training issue not a crime. Perhaps an accounting error is being made repeatedly and this is distorting figures.
We can watch activities and analyse the entry/exit and restrictions around an area. For example, is it possible that customers could be able to get in to the staff only area to steal?
We can spot weaknesses and offer advice on preventative measures for the future.

On completion the police can be contacted and legal proceedings entered in to if necessary.
Whilst you can contact the police at the outset of a workplace theft in Manchester scenario it is equally feasible to obtain facts via private detectives.
X Three’s private detectives work swiftly but comprehensively to identify workplace theft in Manchester culprits.
Place your trust in our expert private detectives and restore peace of mind.

Save money with a private investigator in Manchester.

A private investigator in Manchester works for individuals, commercial clients, legal and insurance sector contacts.

Maybe you are taking a look at the X Three Surveillance Ltd’s website and our private investigator in Manchester information but in all honesty you watched a crime drama on TV last night and it made you intrigued about what we do. We understand, it’s your lunch break and our work is interesting.

The flipside of dramas are that they don’t show the wide range of activities which a private investigator in Manchester becomes engaged in so people think that we spend our time rolling on car bonnets, shooting baddies and driving like maniacs in pursuit of people the police couldn’t catch! Actually, our workload is a lot less sensational but extremely satisfying.

Hiring a private investigator in Manchester can save a business, legal partner, private client or an insurance company a large sum of money.

Let’s start with the insurance company.
X Three’s Surveillance Ltd’s private investigator in Manchester team works on:

• Fraudulent insurance claims.
• Fraudulent compensation claims.
• Fraudulent personal injury claims.

The private investigator in Manchester’s role is to ascertain if a claim has foundation, is being embellished or is eligible for the payout the client aspires to and provide proof.
Halting claims with critical visual evidence can end the campaign of fraudsters which saves the insurance companies a fortune.

In a domestic or private client investigation a private investigator in Manchester will work on:
• Co-habitation cases in which funds are being fraudulently issued.
• Vehicle tracking.
• Cheating partners investigations in Manchester (this keeps us very busy.)
• Missing person.
• Tracing relatives.
• Lie detector tests.
• Theft.
• Tenant issues.
• Abuse/unsociable behaviour.

This can save a lot of time for clients as well as money. Our private investigator in Manchester team has resources which are not in the public domain but help find people.
We have experience and qualifications in vehicle tracking and theft investigations. Cheating partners investigations dominate this sector and our caseload is packed with love triangles and tribulations.

In business we coordinate services for the following:

• Vehicle tracking of fleets/individual vehicles.
• Employee background investigations.
• Industrial espionage.
• Workplace theft.
• Substance abuse.
• Discrimination.
• Intimidation.
• Harassment.
• Lack of adherence to legislation.
• Fraud.

X Three Surveillance Ltd. allies cutting edge technology with the very best private investigator in Manchester team to positively affect client’s lives and work.
We are proficient at working undercover, are elite surveillance operatives and our detective work is solid and renowned. So, why try to get to the bottom of a troubling or irksome matter yourself when hiring a private investigator in Manchester through us will save you from further loss of money, stock, time, resources, staff and confidence?

Protect your home, business, legal or insurance concerns with our private investigator in Manchester services. We’re here to help, today and in to the future.

Vehicle Tracking

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Your vehicle tracking specialist

Don’t you wish that you could find out exactly where someone is without leaving the office or home? To be able to check if they are where they say they are and allay suspicions?

The excellent news is that technology in the hands of our vehicle tracking specialists

is waiting for you. Your wish is granted.

X Three Surveillance Ltd. is a renowned and reputable vehicle tracking specialist. We use cutting edge technology to track a vehicle and deliver data to a computer or smartphone screen which is password protected so our client can access the data.

Our vehicle tracking specialists are called to offer these services for two primary forms of client:

In the workplace. Management can monitor fleet vehicles and field staff remotely and simply. (Employee A says they are in a meeting in Barnsley. The tracking device places them in Manchester, at home.)

Cheating partner investigations. (They say they’re at the gym so why are they two miles away from the gym?)

Investigations are discreet and the subject of the tracking won’t be aware that they are being tracked unless the client tells them. All clients can be assured that our vehicle tracking specialist team is skilled, trained, qualified and experienced at positioning the vehicle tracking specialist technology without being detected. We never break confidence and we can advise you on the ethics of vehicle tracking specialist investigations.

The vehicle tracking specialist software records and saves data so that you can deliberate on your next step, whether that’s to continue to build a case or to confront the person.

The information provided by the vehicle tracking specialist technology is comprehensive so a client can analyse not just the route and position of a vehicle but how long it has been static.

It also records and sends text alerts for specific areas when they’re entered or exited.

For example: Pete tells his partner that he popped in to see a colleague, Sally, after work (again) which he says took ten minutes but then he got stuck in traffic, was shopping, met someone he knew plus any other excuses. The vehicle tracking specialist software has recorded that Pete spent an hour parked on The Street – known to be Sally’s address and then went home. No delays were experienced.


An employee is making deliveries in the Bury area after leaving the Altrincham depot. At 3.30pm the vehicle tracking specialist device records that the vehicle is in a WA14 postcode area, i.e. in Altrincham. A text alert is sent to the logistics manager who has had the text alert vehicle tracking specialist service set up for any vehicles returning to the WA14 postcode area ahead of the shift end time of 5pm.

The vehicle returns to the depot at 5pm but in the preceding hour plus the vehicle has been parked on an A road three streets away from the depot. What has the employee been doing?

You can trust X Three Surveillance Ltd’s vehicle tracking specialist services.

Vehicle tracking – The legal aspect.

Vehicle tracking can considerably aid the locating of staff who are employed in the field, say as sales or delivery workers, and to check that fleet or individual vehicles are where the drivers say they are.

The software which X Three Surveillance Ltd’s expert vehicle tracking team work with saves data and is password protected for the client. For however long it’s needed, there is proof to hand which can be used in disciplinary proceedings if a staff member and vehicle tracking device differ in their reports of whereabouts.

Vehicle tracking devices can be deployed by novices outside of legislation so for this reason we have to stress the necessity of using expert vehicle tracking services. We know the rules and work within them.

Data Protection Act

You may not know that vehicle tracking is governed by the Data Protection Act 1998. Any employee working in the field has as much right to privacy as an office based team member.

The Data Protection Act 1998 is a difficult piece of legislation to comprehend but essentially if someone independently places a tracking device on a vehicle and stores personal data they are breaking the law.

Health and Safety

Under the Health and Safety Executive’s Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007 which was added to in 2008, a vehicle tracking device is recommended as an effective measure for employers to safeguard their employees’ health, safety and wellbeing.

As a third of all road traffic accidents happen to people employed in this work area the HSE has stressed its opinion that the management of risks and the measures to reduce them must lie with the employer.

The additional section added to the Act in 2008 stated that companies can be held responsible for a lack of vehicle maintenance and also for the driver behaviour.

The Information Commissioners Code of Practice for Employees

This piece of legislation is used throughout Europe and sets the guidelines for what may be carried out during vehicle tracking. A monitoring system must be as unobtrusive as possible and tracking cannot be done out of work times for employees.

Our vehicle tracking experts are ICO registered.

Usable data

Our professional vehicle tracking service will accurately give:

  • A live data feed to smartphone or computer.
  • Vehicle location with 5 metres accuracy.
  • How long the vehicle has been static.
  • Text alerts when a vehicle enters or leaves a specific location.
  • How many times particular locations are visited.

The vehicle tracking software is secure and easy for clients to use. Plus, a huge benefit of X Three Surveillance Ltd’s system is that a screen does not need to be viewed at all times, the software saves the vehicle history for review.

Vehicle tracking is effective management and it’s not something that an employee should feel threatened by but as many employees perceive tracking devices as negative it’s important to reassure them that you’re not spying.

X Three would be delighted to help you.

Life As A Private Detective in Manchester

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Manchesters Local Private Detective

X Three Surveillance Ltd

Life As A Private Detective


9 to 5?

The life of a private detective Manchester is rarely routine, seldom 9-5 and often home life is compromised by the lack of regularity.

Combining family life and private detective Manchester work is challenging and it takes patience, tolerance and agreement from the outset that life will be a proverbial rollercoaster.

A partner and family have to very understanding because the ability which many people enjoy in their occupations to say “I’ll be home by six” or “I’ll be at your school play at two,” just isn’t there.

A private detective Manchester may be working at 4a.m. or 4p.m. or be out for days only popping home for a shower and change of clothes if they’re close to home.


Of course, a private detective Manchester expert through X Three Surveillance Ltd. won’t be confined within the Greater Manchester area. Sometimes travel is required and hotel stays are common. Strange bed, strange room, unfamiliar geography and a new challenge must be accepted quickly so that case execution isn’t compromised. One week could see a private detective Manchester on home turf and then London for ten days and Scarborough for another three days before having two complete days rest at home. Yes, we do try to make time for days off in our busy lives but when duty calls we’re committed so we answer.


We are wholly professional, trained, qualified and proficient private detective Manchester operatives and part of this life is to accept that not everyone that we deal with will be friendly. Sometimes we face threats, physical assault, abuse and unsociable behaviour.

There is an element of danger in our work but a private detective can capably defend themselves. We know that most people are not inclined to harm us. A private detective Manchester isn’t responsible for the situation, the culprit is.

Bad news

This is a necessary but unpleasant part of a private detective Manchester’s life. If someone has committed an offence as much as we hate to break bad news to a client we have no choice. A private detective Manchester frequently has to shatter illusions about a person that a client loves or an employee of twenty years who has been defrauding their company. We consider that we’re providing a vital step on the path to peace of mind although it may not feel great at the time.



A private detective Manchester carrying out undercover surveillance work occasionally has a problem with a neighbour or business person who sees a strange vehicle parked for a long time close to their property. They become suspicious and want to know why we (whoever we are) are there. Their diligence is commendable but we can’t really tell them we’re a private detective Manchester carrying out a surveillance operation but we handle this. As unobtrusive and unremarkable as we aim to be a private detective Manchester isn’t invisible.

These factors may make you wonder why being a private detective Manchester would be desirable. Simple, we love what we do.

Finding People

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Finding People in Manchester

X Three Surveillance Ltd

Experts in Finding People

5 Ways private detectives trace people

Firstly, we don’t have magic powers, crystal balls or x ray vision. Here’s how private detectives trace people on a daily basis in the real world.

Specialist databases

These are databases for use by professionals around the globe. Private detectives trace people via these because they contain more data than is available in public records. Often the information in the public domain is not sufficient which is why people turn to private detectives trace people services.

Around the country and globally private detectives trace people with their industry contemporaries help. X Three Surveillance Ltd. may be in Manchester but we can call upon experts on every continent to achieve our clients goals.

Vehicle information

Private detectives trace people via their vehicle.

A vehicle is registered to a specific person and there are records of this. There may also be administrative clues as to the location of a lost person. For example, three weeks after Fred left his wife with no warning he wrote to the DVLA to update his address records. He was living with his mistress.

Criminal/court records

Not everyone has a record for these but if a loan defaulter has a history of being less than forthcoming with funds then they may have been logged in court records. This may not tell us exactly where someone is now but it sets up leads. Of course, if a missing person commits a crime while missing then we can access this information and their new address. Professional and accredited private detectives trace people using information that Joe Public can’t access.


One of the best resources is people power and memory when private detectives trace people.

Neighbours, colleagues, family, friends, the shopkeeper down the road and the school teacher who has known someone since they were ten years old could all deliver pieces of a jigsaw which can lead to a result for our private detectives trace people service providers.

Perhaps Fiona’s parents’ state that her favourite holidays were in Clacton; as humans gravitate to the familiar it is not beyond belief that Fiona would be in Clacton. We have a lead. A friend may be able to tell us about an interest that held Fiona. Private detectives trace people by using every angle so almost any piece of information can prove vitally important.

Social networks

Often people continue to feed information to their social media platforms. So, if Fred owed a considerable sum to a lender and fled the area he thinks he’s hidden but our private detectives trace people via this media frequently because e.g. an innocent photo of Fred by the beach gives us a small clue. Or Fred typed, “Love this place. Came here for my 21st.” It may seem harmless but simply by asking a parent, partner or friend where Fred went for his 21st birthday we have a destination to search.

Our private detectives trace people effectively, we don’t waste opportunities. Trust in us.


Intelligence Gathering

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Intelligence Gathering in Manchester

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Intelligence gathering by private investigators


X Three Surveillance Ltd. is the number one service provider in the Greater Manchester area. We’re pleased to say that since our establishment our private investigators have stuck to our professional and ethical responsibilities and listened to our clients. Our private investigators have achieved the optimum levels of service and issue resolution for clients in their private, commercial and legal lives.

We couldn’t have done this well if we hadn’t got an effective strategy in place for information gathering and case execution.

At the centre of all investigations is the case objective. Private investigators must work towards this or they simply aren’t serving their client.

So, the client and case objective rank as the most important factors in private investigators’ minds. Alongside them is discretion. Clients enjoy total confidence with X Three Surveillance Ltd. that our private investigators don’t gossip or behave indiscreetly. We guard secrets as determinedly as we guard our outstanding reputation.

Data gathering is inherent. Without data we’d be wandering up the proverbial blind alley. That’s a waste of your time, money, goodwill and trust. It doesn’t work well for private investigators either.

There are several avenues that private investigators can pursue, some of them are not in the public domain and can only be accessed by licensed and qualified professionally accredited private investigators.

Official channels.

  • Government/local authority records.
  • HMRC.
  • DVLA.
  • Passport office.
  • Bank information.
  • Credit card data.
  • Utility bills.
  • Court records.
  • Criminal records.
  • Medical records.
  • Dental records.

 Online resources:

  • Private investigators specialist databases for local and global use.
  • Social media platforms.
  • Blogs.
  • The internet.

We take information via these routes as snapshots to build upon.

The bulk of information gathered is normally gleaned from local sources who know the person or situation that our private investigators are working to resolve.

Local resources:

  • Private investigators interview partner/family/friends.
  • Talk to colleagues/employer/previous employer.
  • If a computer has been left behind then its history can be interrogated. For example mobile phone and laptop have gone but work PC can still be searched.
  • Surveillance operations utilising mobile and fixed private investigators.
  • Undercover work to ascertain facts.
  • Search the wheelie bin, this is also known as “Garbology” in the US! People’s rubbish can sometimes offer clues to dedicated private investigators.

With the above our private investigators have to factor in ulterior motives, disclosures which may be embellished and unsubstantiated rumour. Not all data is viable as a lead and as experienced experts we know how to evaluate and rate evidence. We don’t choose to work on weak hearsay.

Astute private investigators don’t leave anything to chance and although some routes may not deliver useful results you can be sure that X Three Surveillance Ltd’s team refuse to compromise on service so we exhaust every possibility, analyse findings and use discernment and experience. Our private investigators offer top service, value for money and arguably most importantly, peace of mind.




Private Investigators

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Private Investigator

Famous Private Investigators

X Three Surveillance Ltd

Famous private investigators.

Private investigator to the stars #1.

Rick Crouch is a South African politician but he also has some interesting talents which quite possibly help his political career.

Impressively, he is a qualified pilot and a noted private investigator.

He was born on 6th September 1960 and his life has been filled with private investigator achievements.

In 1980 at the age nineteen he joined one of the opposition parties in South Africa, the Democratic Party. His stance against the apartheid in his country and his vocal opposition in what became known as the White Resistance movement led to his exile to the USA for his and his family’s safety.

Whilst there he qualified as a pilot and set up a private investigator and forensics firm. The list of notable clients that his firm worked for through their lawyers is said to have included Michael Jackson and Winona Ryder.

His nickname “PI to the stars” was derived from his elite private investigator client list. He also worked with law enforcement officers and the FBI and bounty hunting became a core part of the firm’s workload.

He returned to South Africa in 2005 and resumed his political career. He was named Councillor of the Year in 2012.

He didn’t forget his private investigator history, he has a South African based private investigation and forensics company of which he is the managing director and he has published a book on how to be a bounty hunter, a training manual for beginners.

Private investigator to the stars #2

Anthony Pellicano was another high profile private investigator to the stars. He was born in 1944 in Chicago and his private investigation career enjoyed the greatest success in Los Angeles. Celebrity clients trusted his handling of issues and the tabloid press.

Then, unfortunately for Pellicano he presumably forgot that he was a good guy, a private investigator.

His fall from grace was well documented and spectacular; Anthony Pellicano was a private investigator with a cache of crimes.

In 2002 the FBI raided his offices to find proof that a threat made against a particular film star had some form of association with him.

They found two grenades which had been modified to work as home made bombs. He pleaded guilty and was given a thirty month sentence. The day before his release he was told he faced new charges.

The disgraced private investigator was charged with 110 counts across a broad range of crimes from racketeering to identity theft to holding confidential information about high profile clients through telephone tapping.

The trial was delayed several times as more evidence and research was carried out.

Anthony Pellicano eventually went to trial.

He was sentenced to fifteen years in federal prison, appealed partially successfully but it’s believed that his release will be in 2019 when he is in his mid seventies.

Private investigators don’t turn to the wrong side of the law habitually, thankfully. People can trust the professional and honest private investigators at X Three Surveillance Ltd.

The first private investigation firms

X Three Surveillance Ltd. is Manchester’s finest and part of a rich history of private investigation firms.

Where did private investigation firms start?

Private investigation firms are commonly believed to have originated in France when Eugene Francois Vidocq formed The Office of Universal Information for Commerce and Industry. (Le Bureau des Renseignements Universels pour le commerce et l’Industrie) in 1833. This is the first known private investigation firm.

Vidocq was not only a soldier but a privateer and he hired ex convicts as investigators.

The official authorities sought to close his operation down and discredit him. However, Eugene Francois Vidocq is credited with the invention of criminology, investigational record keeping and he was the first to make plaster casts of shoe prints and to use ballistics in investigations.

He is said to have never reported a thief who had a genuine and dire need for the items they’d stolen.

The role of private investigation firms in the early years seems to have been to act as the police did but to the client’s satisfaction. If the client felt that the authorities had not investigated someone or something adequately a private investigation firm would do the work that the client believed was essential but the police did not or that they had no resources to deploy to.

These private investigation firms offered armed guard services and worked with clients towards labour dispute resolutions.

One of the first and most notable private investigation firms in the UK was set up by Charles Frederick Field, a friend of Charles Dickens.

When he retired from the Metropolitan Police in 1852 where he’d been chief of the Detective Branch for four years he opened his private investigation firm. He’d joined the police force upon its creation in 1829 when he was 24 years old.

Dickens often went out with the police and later Field’s private investigators because he was fascinated by their work and they provided him with information for articles in his publications.

Dickens wrote several articles about Field and his private investigation firm, its work and celebrated its cases. This helped to raise its profile and that of private investigation firm’s skills and benefits.

Field is reputedly the base for Dicken’s Bleak House’s Inspector Bucket.

Charles Field had wished to be an actor in his youth and during his private investigation firm’s cases he was often to be found wearing disguises and acting a part, even when it wasn’t necessary for him to be undercover.

He passed away in 1874.

The first female private investigator hailed from the U.S.A.

Kate Warne worked for Allan Pinkerton’s agency after successfully arguing that women could be effective detectives which in the 1850’s was thought rather unlikely by men!

She worked on many of the private investigation firm’s cases, encouraged other women in to the field and set the standard.

During the American Civil War she was a covert war intelligence gatherer.

She caught pneumonia in January 1868 and died aged 38 years old.

Cheating Partner in Manchester

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Catch a Cheating Partner in Manchester

Cheating partner in Manchester, think again!

X Three Surveillance Ltd

Technology is great. People can use it for two types of activity, the good and the bad.

Good, in that you can buy shopping at 3a.m. in your pyjamas from under your duvet, bad in that cheating partners in Manchester have the world at their fingertips.

Cheating partners in Manchester account for a large proportion of X Three Surveillance Ltd’s workload. They can carry on several relationships at once and who will ever find out?

Maybe you shouldn’t be so confident.

Cheating partner in Manchester, we’re on to you…

Cheating partner in Manchester #1

Cheating partner in Manchester number 1 thought they’d been clever. They had deleted texts and e-mails and thought that was adequate but they’d forgotten something extremely important. Computers have memories and so do apps. Many people remember that a computer has cookies and empty their cache but apps aren’t always treated with the same diligence. Clearing one does not empty the other so an app can be a cheating partner’s unwitting enemy.

Cheating partner in Manchester #2

They had covered their tracks but not well enough so the experts at X Three Surveillance Ltd. had very little trouble finding the weak spot and the cheating partner in Manchester was soon discovered.

Search engines normally have auto complete functions so when you type in a name it will try to complete the search name to save you typing. It uses frequently searched terms including e-mail and social media pages.

If the non cheating partner suspects the name or names of people who may be enjoying time with their other half we can type these details in. The computer will guess and auto complete based on previous searches so if the cheating partner in Manchester has visited Doris or Bert’s social media page twenty times in a few days but seldom mentioned them this acts as a clue. If they behave peculiarly when Doris/Bert is mentioned then we also use this to investigate a cheating partner in Manchester.

Cheating partner in Manchester #3

He was a clever cheating partner in Manchester but no match for us! There was no browser history or app history, no e-mail trails, no texts, no searches made on the home PC (they only used their mobile and work PC for contact with their co-cheater) and they believed that their password proof PC and phone couldn’t betray them.

Did you know that there is software available which captures passwords and records everything? For example, screenshots can be taken at preset intervals so if you are having an e-mail chat with someone you shouldn’t be and the software takes a screenshot, you’re caught. In the software’s invisible mode a cheating partner in Manchester won’t know that they are being monitored.

Our example didn’t know this technology existed either. They do now.

X Three Surveillance Ltd. delivers excellence, technology and ingenuity. Be warned cheating partners in Manchester, we have seen enough “improbable” situations that we don’t treat many scenarios as impossible.

10 awful cheating partner excuses.

X Three Surveillance Ltd’s expert private investigator in Manchester team love wit, ingenuity and intelligence as much as anyone else but these reactions from cheating partners really take the biscuit!

They’re not unique to Greater Manchester, these lines are universal, but our private investigator in Manchester team wanted to share them:

  1. “I’m working as a private investigator in Manchester.” Ingeniously, ahem, a cheating partner tried to defend herself by claiming that the reason she was working late and disappearing at odd hours was because she’d taken a ;job as a private investigator in Manchester. We’re honoured; most people tell their other half that they’re a spy!
  2. “She caught me out cheating but if she hadn’t hired a private investigator in Manchester then she wouldn’t be crying now, would she? It’s your (the private investigator’s) fault.” Umm.
  3. Our private investigator in Manchester team often hear this “Our relationship/marriage was dead long before now.” That’s not actually a wonderful reason for cheating and it’s been flogged to death!
  4. “I never wanted to marry you.” This was said by a wife to her husband of a few months. She’d apparently cheated on her husband on the night before her wedding and for months after. Our private investigator in Manchester team doesn’t enjoy telling people that their fairytale is a tissue of lies.
  5. “I’m bored.” Well, chances are that having been discovered as a cheating partner in Manchester by local experts that life will become far from uninteresting.
  6. “It wasn’t love. It was sex.” If our private investigator in Manchester team had £1 for every time that this line has been said then we’d be retired by now!
  7. “It was the website/chat room’s fault.” According to some erring people their lack of loyalty and integrity is because the technology available to them is irresistible and so they are victims of progress.
  8. This response to a partner challenging them about an affair is predictable and implausible in equal measure: “You weren’t meant to find out.” Well, that’s alright then!
  9. This one is not one that our private investigator in Manchester team members have heard personally – yet – but we know it has been said: “I cheated to remind myself how much I love you.” We don’t think that was a crumb of comfort to the cheated on partner.
  10. Finally, the old private investigator in Manchester classic. It’s so tired it should have whiskers and a pension. It’s so much used that it should be outlawed or made in to a catchphrase. Bizarrely, despite its heavy use cheaters still believe this is a credible “reason” for cheating, as if these three words placed together in one excruciating sentence explain every misdemeanour in the world: “I was drunk.”

X Three Surveillance Ltd’s private investigator in Manchester team discreetly discover cheating partners and we know that our services are necessary, though not always the stuff of fairytales.

Call our private investigator in Manchester team to recover peace of mind.


Our private detectives in Manchester team realises that revenge isn’t a great way to move on from a cheating partner even if it does offer a sweet moment of satisfaction.

We often hear tales from cheated on partners and our private detectives in Manchester have listed their top 5 scary/funny revenges but please remember that our private detectives in Manchester team are not advocating any of them.

This blog is for entertainment purposes only.

  1. Our private detectives in Manchester cringe at this one: Date one of your ex’s closest friends. There’s a double ouch factor here.

Our private detectives in Manchester know many see this as friendship betrayal and if you do date their friend then it’s going to cause massive jealousy and friction. Weigh up how much you want to exact revenge against how much you want to ruin their friendship. Is the hassle worth it?

  1. Post it note revenge. Our private detectives in Manchester team members have learned of this happening on more than a few occasions. This revenge is best kept fun, you don’t want to earn the ex the sack or a lifetime of mortification. No, you don’t.

A post it note with something witty on it can be attached to an ex easily in a group. They can tell the world their feet smell, that they’re a cheater, that they are vain, that they can’t hold their drink or that they’re wearing a wig.

It should be a little something to remember you by not something they can sue you for.

NOTE: This has also been done with a bumper sticker but this constitutes vandalism. Our private detectives in Manchester urge you NOT to use this approach unless you want a criminal record.

  1. Our private detectives in Manchester team have worked on “clearing up the mess” after this activity a few times! Set up a lonely hearts ad or website dating profile so that the ex is kept busy on their e-mail or their mobile phone fielding responses from hopeful love interests. You’re helping him or her to reach their potential; as they cheated on you they obviously think that they’re the world’s greatest!
  2. Turn up on a date he or she is having. You can extol your cheating ex’s “virtues,” go in to depth about their bad habits and well, generally be a nuisance for a couple of minutes. Don’t make a habit of this or you may be arrested for stalking or harassment!
  3. If your ex is on a restaurant date simply phone the restaurant, describe the ex and ask the waiter or waitress to go to their table with a message like…”Your wife would like to know what time you’ll be home.” “Your husband has forgotten which setting the dishwasher needs to be on. Could you call him?” That should kill a date stone dead!

Our private detectives in Manchester have heard many other devious and comical revenge tales but as professional private detectives in Manchester we strongly suggest that you NEVER break the law or go too far because you may find yourself part of our private detectives in Manchester caseload.

Lie Detector Tests in Manchester

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Lie Detector Test in Manchester

X Three Surveillance Ltd

Polygraph Experts in Manchester

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How does a lie detector work?

A lie detector, also called a polygraph machine, reveals when deception is being used.

They are currently utilised by professionals but a new lie detector which incorporates visual activity in addition to physiological clues is being trialled.

In the past polygraph machines were analogue with little needles which illustrated the physiological responses on a scroll of paper. Today, digital technology is not only professional and accurate it employs algorithms and computer screens. A lie detector test can seldom be beaten.

At X Three Surveillance Ltd. we are trained in the skills of administering and analysing lie detector tests. Whether you’ve seen them on the television, used in a criminal investigation or read about them, almost everyone is familiar with their name.

Some media reports have claimed that within ten years lie detector tests will be widely adopted in everyday situations like job interviews.

Perhaps you’re sceptical or believe that auto suggestion makes people respond guiltily. Maybe you feel that the test is easy to misread and that the results of a lie detector test can’t be trusted.

The team at X Three Surveillance know there is a viable scientific base to lie detector tests and that the technology used is configured to evaluate when all is not as it should be.

The most important point is that it’s the body that’s doing the talking and not the mouth during lie detector tests. In many cases the bodily responses contradict words.

Usually four-six sensors are attached to the subject of the test.

These sensors are to highlight any involuntary bodily responses. Whilst under stress and actively deceiving someone physiological responses will manifest regardless of how well the subject tries to verbally enforce a lie.

The sensors monitor:

Heart rate and blood pressure -These are normally measured on the upper arm. The data uses transducers to transform in to electronic signals for the lie detector.

Perspiration – Also called electro-dermal activity or galvanic skin response. Sensors are attached to fingertips and fingers, the most porous areas of the body. Humans perspire more when lying and sweating fingers conduct electricity more effectively than dry fingers. Lie detector evidence of conductivity and moisture is compelling.

Respiration. – This uses pipes around the chest and abdomen, two pneumographs which convert the amount of displaced air in to electronic signals.

Arm and leg movements may also be assessed and an involuntary twitch or fidgeting is a great source of information.

The polygraph machine records data from the sensors around the body and constructs a graph which tells the lie detector test official whether lies are being told.

Every physiological alteration will be transmitted and reflected on the graph.

Prior to the actual test pre test questions are used for a baseline reading.

The examiner profiles the subject.

The test is carried out.

The lie detector test readings are expertly analysed.

A conclusion is reached via the physiological data and profiling.

Lie detector tests with X Three Surveillance Ltd. uncover deceit, rebuild trust and resolve issues.

What happens during a lie detector test?

There’s a high probability that anyone taking a lie detector test will feel guilty even if they are innocent, this is human nature. The lie detector test process is not a ten minute one, it can take well over an hour before the actual test begins but no time is wasted.

The subject of the test will be attached to a polygraph (lie detector) machine via sensors, wires and tubes. These will record any physiological changes in the subject during the entire lie detector test process.

Digital technology, algorithms and electronic signals are core to the success and accuracy of a lie detector test.

The heart rate, blood pressure, perspiration and other involuntary responses are monitored meticulously. During a lie detector test the subject can concentrate on their words without realising that their body is telling a story very much to the contrary.


The lie detector test process:


  1. Prior to the lie detector test itself the examiner will normally have a chat with the subject and learn about them and the situation that has brought them this point.
  2. During this stage the examiner profiles the subject. This is a vital tool for understanding how the subject reacts during responses, how they digest information and their tell tale signs and habits.
  3. Questions are devised which suit the individual situation and these are checked with the subject.
  4. The actual test. Approximately ten questions are asked in the test but only three to five of these will be analysed. The others are control questions and won’t be suitable for a yes/no response, also known as closed questioning. If the subject tries to reply with just a yes or no then this can speak volumes about their deliberate need or wish not to expand on something. For example, X Three Surveillance Ltd’s team may ask if you like living in Manchester and why.
  5. Using the core questions the data from the lie detector test is read. Physiological information which shows significant changes often signals deception. Any questions which were asked a few times may have been asked to assure the examiner of the same reaction when under pressure and deceiving.
  6. The examiner has been trained to perform these tests so the questions, profiling and analysis will be accurate. The “verdict” will be delivered professionally.

The skilled and qualified lie detector test examiners at X Three Surveillance Ltd. don’t treat the test as if it is part of a TV show in which there are pauses for effect or drawn out conclusions. We’re not playing with people’s lives for fun; we’re aiming for accuracy, compassion, empathy and aptitude.

X Three Surveillance Ltd’s experts don’t make a horrible situation last for one moment longer than it has to and although a lie detector test can be gruelling it can also bring relief, resolution and a firm base from which to move forward.

Lie detector tests have a positive impact because suspicions can be replaced by certainties.

Can you outwit X Three’s lie detector experts Manchester team?

Guilty people try to ensure an innocent reading when they take a lie detector test with us.

X Three’s lie detector experts Manchester team have seen almost every trick in the book, some are more convincing than others, a few defy belief and others unwittingly tell us all, which is obviously the reverse of the client’s intention!

Whilst we aren’t going to betray all of our trained and qualified lie detector experts Manchester team secrets (we’re not daft) we will tell you the commonly employed techniques which subjects use to try to steer us off course.

This information is given so that should you be inclined to cheat you save yourself a lot of time and effort. We’re lie detector experts Manchester and further afield. We know what we’re looking for, what you don’t realise you’re telling us and how to kid a kidder!

X Three’s lie detector experts Manchester operatives have known clients who’ve tried to confuse us, here’s how:

  • Deliberately answered yes or no to every question.
  • Denied the relevance of any event, person or situation.
  • Joked with our lie detector experts Manchester.
  • Hesitated before answering all questions.
  • Aimed to control their breathing to 15-30 breaths per minute.
  • Controlled or altered their breath during control questions, sometimes by thinking of something frightening or upsetting.
  • Offered peculiar or “clever” answers to our lie detector experts Manchester e.g. Q: What day of the week is it? A: Same as this time last week.
  • Practiced their responses repeatedly pre test.
  • Ignored the polygraph results from our lie detector experts Manchester even when these are significantly active.
  • Pre test day subjects often study lie detector tests, X Three’s lie detector experts Manchester, common questioning techniques and the types of questions asked.
  • Act like a novice when they’re an expert on lie detector tests and machines –and “know” how to outwit us.
  • Behave like a friend. We’re professional lie detector test experts Manchester operatives. We are polite and affable but we don’t actually want to be your new best friend!

Our lie detector experts Manchester team don’t recommend any of the following techniques:

  • Tacks placed in the shoe. Ouch. Some use a tack to provide a visible response after every question so the results are consistent but they’re intended to confuse our lie detector experts Manchester team.
  • Hyper activity, fidgeting, purposeful twitching. e.g. frequent wriggling or cheek biting.
  • Sedatives have been used to throw results in to disarray.
  • Deodorant has been deployed on areas of the body including fingertips so that sweat is less prevalent during deception.

Medications should be disclosed to X Three’s lie detector test experts Manchester team so that the test can be taken with this knowledge. Sometimes the subject is deemed ineligible for testing because medication conflicts with the technology and physiology.

Our lie detector experts Manchester team look forward to more cunning tricks and schemes and outwitting fibbers.

Tracing – Not on The Electoral Register

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How To Find Someone Who Isn’t On The Electoral Register

When you’re looking to find a long lost relative, friend, or even school acquaintance, the first place most people turn to is the Electoral Register. It’s the same register behind many of the websites online such as peopletracer.co.uk, and whitepages.co.uk allowing you to trace almost anyone, living anywhere in the United Kingdom.

There’s a problem though because it doesn’t always work.

For it to work, you need to know the name of the person you’re looking for and often for women, the surname changes after a marriage. When that happens, you’re left looking for a previous entity that is now non-existent on the electoral register.

In order to trace them back, you need to delve back into their history, sometimes going right back to their school days.

You can do this using social engineering.

Facebook is where your search begins. On here, you can find nearly anyone and if the person isn’t easy to find, you’ll likely be able to think of someone else they were friends with in their earlier life that has a public profile on Facebook. Even going by their age, you can find people who went to the same school, were in the same year as them, and even those in the same class.

From there, it’s as simple as going through their contacts to find others the person you’re trying to trace is connected with. That in itself is often effective.

When that turns out nothing, there’s a good chance there’s been a name change. To discover new names, you need to turn your search attention to http://www.ancestry.co.uk/. While it may not be updated to reflect the new married name of the person you’re searching for, you’ll be able to piece together a lot of the relations to the person that they’re still in contact with online.

You can take each relative and search social media profiles for connections. Often you’ll find on public profiles, you can view the connections people have which will show a headshot of their friends.

When you can match a face to a name, you have the new name. You can then go back through your data, cross-referencing what you know about someone against available information to ensure you have found the right person.

When you’ve verified the new name, you can then plug that information into any people search engine, or even Google, to find out more about them. 192.com could even give you their telephone number if it’s listed publicly.

When the person is older, it can sometimes be the case that it is a son or daughter with the same name you uncover.

Another, deeper, option is to delve into LinkedIn, Indeed and Monster…

This is about tracing through professionalism. The majority of people with an education and a career focus will be on searchable CV databases. The three services mentioned above are a few of the largest online directories that you can search.

If you know the name of a company someone worked at, you can turn your search to a search engine such as Google, Bing or Yahoo, and search for company publications such as Press Releases, often distributed and syndicated online.

With the names of companies a person has worked for, there are a number of associations that could then be linked to them.

You can just search online for name + profession. Such as Joe Smith + Royal Mail and you could discover the profile of the person who works at or has listed somewhere that they worked in that position within whatever firm it was.

Whether you’re looking to trace a friend, long lost relative, or establish connections with your distant family, there are ways to find anyone you want to connect with and you don’t need to rely on the electoral register to find them. That’s the easiest option, and the first thing to do to find someone but if your search turns up empty, you need to get more creative with your searching and tap alternative resources to trace people to where they are now, wherever in the world they are.

Need assistance in your tracing enquiry? Let the experts find the person for you, No find No fee Guarantee.


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